昌吉| 庆元| 武邑| 神池| 涞源| 周村| 神池| 西乡| 广平| 沽源| 当涂| 八宿| 恭城| 大英| 玉树| 普定| 石泉| 泰安| 松阳| 李沧| 克拉玛依| 嫩江| 尼木| 宜黄| 寿宁| 荆门| 垣曲| 霍城| 西峡| 竹山| 大名| 衡水| 龙湾| 泰安| 无棣| 周口| 邢台| 鼎湖| 德庆| 昂仁| 旺苍| 蔡甸| 松滋| 淮阴| 集安| 香河| 浮梁| 曲阜| 措勤| 眉县| 和平| 思茅| 阳高| 万载| 休宁| 德兴| 贵德| 临县| 墨玉| 泾阳| 凤翔| 东方| 阳朔| 通渭| 中牟| 苍梧| 舞钢| 米脂| 东乡| 静宁| 高明| 土默特右旗| 漳县| 龙泉| 同江| 江达| 萨迦| 鄯善| 永靖| 云林| 巴林左旗| 江门| 海城| 肃北| 聂荣| 科尔沁左翼后旗| 琼海| 洪江| 波密| 酒泉| 朝阳县| 宜州| 施秉| 花垣| 石楼| 广南| 松桃| 安县| 恒山| 卢龙| 盐城| 镇安| 独山子| 柯坪| 惠水| 嘉鱼| 开化| 恭城| 横峰| 察雅| 乌尔禾| 梓潼| 辽源| 嘉义县| 从江| 头屯河| 溆浦| 呼兰| 苏州| 嘉义市| 侯马| 泗洪| 武穴| 邹城| 定边| 禄丰| 萨迦| 徐州| 澳门| 鱼台| 新荣| 嵊泗| 三原| 南宫| 辽源| 海沧| 洱源| 四会| 湖北| 易门| 临江| 恭城| 全椒| 定兴| 平定| 德昌| 尖扎| 太仓| 安丘| 桦甸| 红河| 洪泽| 交口| 黑山| 华安| 济宁| 浮梁| 巴青| 盐都| 渭南| 蒙山| 阜新蒙古族自治县| 新沂| 泰顺| 荔浦| 巴里坤| 乌兰| 澧县| 桐城| 六合| 下花园| 建平| 淇县| 磁县| 巴里坤| 邯郸| 丽江| 哈巴河| 美溪| 鄱阳| 利辛| 基隆| 莒南| 黄陂| 甘南| 武隆| 科尔沁左翼中旗| 通化市| 盐源| 临桂| 印台| 临江| 霞浦| 巴东| 昆明| 讷河| 桃江| 松溪| 双流| 上思| 疏附| 武胜| 正阳| 昭通| 兴县| 青县| 金州| 峨眉山| 北川| 随州| 赫章| 禹城| 南雄| 呈贡| 日照| 茶陵| 麻城| 改则| 剑阁| 灵宝| 襄城| 北辰| 黄埔| 静乐| 泸溪| 沛县| 山阳| 临沂| 阜新市| 黑水| 重庆| 苏尼特右旗| 紫阳| 紫金| 寻甸| 河池| 兴仁| 黄岩| 夏县| 德庆| 会宁| 宁陵| 长汀| 和田| 临沭| 绥滨| 昔阳| 安徽| 贵定| 蒙阴| 梁子湖| 隆昌| 喀什| 南溪| 晋州| 海丰| 达孜| 长春| 合作| 休宁| 青白江| 云浮| 永吉|

PL/SQL Challenge 每日一题:2016-12-30 第三范式

2019-09-22 00:22 来源:深圳热线

  PL/SQL Challenge 每日一题:2016-12-30 第三范式

  Aprivatelyownedfloatingrestaurant"ARKdeckbar"sinksnearMumbaisBandra-WorliSealink,India,at7:,May25,(Photo/Agencies)Aprivatelyownedfloatingrestaurant"ARKdeckbar"sinksnearMumbaisBandra-WorliSealink,India,at7:,May25,(Photo/Agencies)Aprivatelyownedfloatingrestaurant"ARKdeckbar"sinksnearMumbaisBandra-WorliSealink,India,at7:,May25,(Photo/Agencies)Aprivatelyownedfloatingrestaurant"ARKdeckbar"sinksnearMumbaisBandra-WorliSealink,India,at7:,May25,(Photo/Agencies),writes,designs,,hehasfallenintoanewhabitofartcreation:tuniquetoYixing,,novel,ShuiHuZhuan(OutlawsoftheMarsh),andhadtheseteapotsfiredinYixing.(PhotoprovidedtoChinaDaily)Askedwhyhestartedtheproject,Huangsimplysaid,"(Itsbecause)Ihadnothingtokilltime!"Hisfirstzishateapot,hewroteinthemorningandspenttheafternooncarvingonearthenwares,nce,courageandintegrityofthem.(PhotoprovidedtoChinaDaily)I"aburdenofhappiness".HesharedthemwiththeaudienceatanexhibitionthatendsattheNationalArtMuseumofChinaonTuesday.(PhotoprovidedtoChinaDaily)Theseteapotsshowhissenseofhumorandconveyhisviewsontherightandwrong."Anoldmanhadnothingtodo,sohefoundsomethinghecoulddo;inafashionableway,youcansayitsanoldguysperformanceart,",writes,designs,,hehasfallenintoanewhabitofartcreation:carvingfiguresonearthenzishateapots.(PhotoprovidedtoChinaDaily),writes,designs,,hehasfallenintoanewhabitofartcreation:carvingfiguresonearthenzishateapots.(PhotoprovidedtoChinaDaily),writes,designs,,hehasfallenintoanewhabitofartcreation:carvingfiguresonearthenzishateapots.(PhotoprovidedtoChinaDaily)

Aviewofwatchtower-likeresidentialbuildingsinGonjoCounty,ChamdoPrefectureinSouthwestChina’’sSanyanarealiveinthebuildingsthatarethreetofivefloorshighandmadeofmudontheoutside,witheachstructurehometoatleasttwofamilies.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/JiXiang)Aviewofwatchtower-likeresidentialbuildingsinGonjoCounty,ChamdoPrefectureinSouthwestChina’’sSanyanarealiveinthebuildingsthatarethreetofivefloorshighandmadeofmudontheoutside,witheachstructurehometoatleasttwofamilies.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/JiXiang)Aviewofwatchtower-likeresidentialbuildingsinGonjoCounty,ChamdoPrefectureinSouthwestChina’’sSanyanarealiveinthebuildingsthatarethreetofivefloorshighandmadeofmudontheoutside,witheachstructurehometoatleasttwofamilies.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/JiXiang)Aviewofwatchtower-likeresidentialbuildingsinGonjoCounty,ChamdoPrefectureinSouthwestChina’’sSanyanarealiveinthebuildingsthatarethreetofivefloorshighandmadeofmudontheoutside,witheachstructurehometoatleasttwofamilies.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/JiXiang)Aviewofwatchtower-likeresidentialbuildingsinGonjoCounty,ChamdoPrefectureinSouthwestChina’’sSanyanarealiveinthebuildingsthatarethreetofivefloorshighandmadeofmudontheoutside,witheachstructurehometoatleasttwofamilies.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/JiXiang)Aviewofwatchtower-likeresidentialbuildingsinGonjoCounty,ChamdoPrefectureinSouthwestChina’’sSanyanarealiveinthebuildingsthatarethreetofivefloorshighandmadeofmudontheoutside,witheachstructurehometoatleasttwofamilies.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/JiXiang)Aviewofwatchtower-likeresidentialbuildingsinGonjoCounty,ChamdoPrefectureinSouthwestChina’’sSanyanarealiveinthebuildingsthatarethreetofivefloorshighandmadeofmudontheoutside,witheachstructurehometoatleasttwofamilies.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/JiXiang)Aviewofwatchtower-likeresidentialbuildingsinGonjoCounty,ChamdoPrefectureinSouthwestChina’’sSanyanarealiveinthebuildingsthatarethreetofivefloorshighandmadeofmudontheoutside,witheachstructurehometoatleasttwofamilies.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/JiXiang)Aviewofwatchtower-likeresidentialbuildingsinGonjoCounty,ChamdoPrefectureinSouthwestChina’’sSanyanarealiveinthebuildingsthatarethreetofivefloorshighandmadeofmudontheoutside,witheachstructurehometoatleasttwofamilies.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/JiXiang)Aviewofwatchtower-likeresidentialbuildingsinGonjoCounty,ChamdoPrefectureinSouthwestChina’’sSanyanarealiveinthebuildingsthatarethreetofivefloorshighandmadeofmudontheoutside,witheachstructurehometoatleasttwofamilies.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/JiXiang)研究:选择性记忆代表智商更高偶尔健忘有益健康Study:Beingforgetfulmightactuallymeanyou—infact,selectivememorycanevenbeasignofstrongerintelligence.如果事事牢记不是你的强项,你可以放心了。

  Twojournalistslookatthescreenshowingthedamagedworldfamouspaintingofthe16thcenturyRussianTsar,titledIvantheTerribleandhisSonIvanonNovember16,1581.byIlyaRepinduringapressconferenceattheRussianStateTretyakovGalleryinMoscowonMay28,hebestknownworksof19thcenturypainterIlyaRepin,depictingIvantheTerriblekillinghisson,atagalleryinMoscow.(Photo/Agencies)RussianStateTretyakovGalleryofficialsattendapressconferenceafterIlyaRepinsworldfamouspaintingofthe16thcenturyRussianTsar,titledIvantheTerribleandhisSonIvanonNovember16,1581.wasdamagedinMoscowonMay28,2018.-RussianpoliceonSaturdaysaidtheyarrestedamanforvandalisingoneofthebestknownworksof19thcenturypainterIlyaRepin,depictingIvantheTerriblekillinghisson,atagalleryinMoscow.(Photo/Agencies)ARussianStateTretyakovGalleryemployeestandsneartheblankspacewhereIlyaRepinsworldfamouspaintingofthe16thcenturyRussianTsar,titledIvantheTerribleandhisSonIvanonNovember16,1581.wasexhibitedinMoscowonMay28,2018.-RussianpoliceonSaturdaysaidtheyarrestedamanforvandalisingoneofthebestknownworksof19thcenturypainterIlyaRepin,depictingIvantheTerriblekillinghisson,atagalleryinMoscow.(Photo/Agencies)他说:“我注意到,如果我俩在玩儿,我的手机有工作来电,我接听完后他就不想搭理我了。

  Afterrecenttwistsandturnsandthewhirlwindofdiplomacyovertheweekend,WashingtonTuesdaysaidtherewere"signsofprogress"fortheexpectedmeetingbetweentheleadersoftheUnitedStatesandtheDemocraticPeoplesRepublicofKorea(DPRK)."Thepresident(DonaldTrump)thinksthattheongoingdiscussionsaregoingverywell,"Wh"certainlysignsofprogress,",theWhiteHouseannouncedthatKimYongChol,vicechairmanoftheDPRKsrulingWorkersPartyofKoreaCentralCommittee,yforthemeeting,whichwillbethethirdmeetingbetweenthetwoseniorofficials,followingtheirtalksduringPompeosvisitstotheDPRKinAprilandMay."Theyvehadobviouslyverydeepconversations,"S,,,wasmeetingwiththeDPRKofficialsattheDemilitarizedZone(DMZ),withmoremeetingsexpectedlaterthisweek,,ledbyWhiteHouseDeputyChiefofStaffJoeHagin,iscurrentlyinSingaporecoordinatingthelogisticsoftheexpectedmeetingbetweenTrumpandtheDPRKtopleaderKimJongUn."Ithinkthereisareasonablechancethesummitwilltakeplace,"BrookingsInstitutionSeniorFellowDarrellWesttoldXinhua,sayingthattheDPRK,SouthKorea,theUnitedStates,andChina"haveinvestedconsiderabletimeandeffortinmakingthesummitpossiblesoeachhasanincentivetokeeptheconversationopen."ForTrump,itsalsoanopportunityto"makeahistoricforeignpolicybreakthrough,"DanMahaffee,seniorvicepresidentanddirectorofpolicyattheCenterfortheStudyofCongressandthePresidency,,originallyscheduledforJune12inSingapore,cameafterTrumpcanceledthemeetinginalettertoKimJongUnonThursday,citing"tremendousangerandopenhostility"sletter,theDPRKsFirstViceForeignMinisterKimKyeGwansaidearlyFridaythatthecountryisreadytositdownwiththeUnitedStates,sayingbothsideswans."Hopefully,despitethestatementsofPresidentTrumpandotheradministrationofficials,dialoguecancontinuetolessentensions,butwitharealisticunderstandingofwhatarelikelyoutcomes,",Washingtonalsoremainedalertforanypossiblefuturereverse."Weremovingforward,andwellbepreparedeitherway,"Sanderstoldreporters.Aviewofwatchtower-likeresidentialbuildingsinGonjoCounty,ChamdoPrefectureinSouthwestChina’’sSanyanarealiveinthebuildingsthatarethreetofivefloorshighandmadeofmudontheoutside,witheachstructurehometoatleasttwofamilies.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/JiXiang)Aviewofwatchtower-likeresidentialbuildingsinGonjoCounty,ChamdoPrefectureinSouthwestChina’’sSanyanarealiveinthebuildingsthatarethreetofivefloorshighandmadeofmudontheoutside,witheachstructurehometoatleasttwofamilies.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/JiXiang)Aviewofwatchtower-likeresidentialbuildingsinGonjoCounty,ChamdoPrefectureinSouthwestChina’’sSanyanarealiveinthebuildingsthatarethreetofivefloorshighandmadeofmudontheoutside,witheachstructurehometoatleasttwofamilies.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/JiXiang)Aviewofwatchtower-likeresidentialbuildingsinGonjoCounty,ChamdoPrefectureinSouthwestChina’’sSanyanarealiveinthebuildingsthatarethreetofivefloorshighandmadeofmudontheoutside,witheachstructurehometoatleasttwofamilies.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/JiXiang)Aviewofwatchtower-likeresidentialbuildingsinGonjoCounty,ChamdoPrefectureinSouthwestChina’’sSanyanarealiveinthebuildingsthatarethreetofivefloorshighandmadeofmudontheoutside,witheachstructurehometoatleasttwofamilies.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/JiXiang)Aviewofwatchtower-likeresidentialbuildingsinGonjoCounty,ChamdoPrefectureinSouthwestChina’’sSanyanarealiveinthebuildingsthatarethreetofivefloorshighandmadeofmudontheoutside,witheachstructurehometoatleasttwofamilies.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/JiXiang)Aviewofwatchtower-likeresidentialbuildingsinGonjoCounty,ChamdoPrefectureinSouthwestChina’’sSanyanarealiveinthebuildingsthatarethreetofivefloorshighandmadeofmudontheoutside,witheachstructurehometoatleasttwofamilies.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/JiXiang)Aviewofwatchtower-likeresidentialbuildingsinGonjoCounty,ChamdoPrefectureinSouthwestChina’’sSanyanarealiveinthebuildingsthatarethreetofivefloorshighandmadeofmudontheoutside,witheachstructurehometoatleasttwofamilies.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/JiXiang)Aviewofwatchtower-likeresidentialbuildingsinGonjoCounty,ChamdoPrefectureinSouthwestChina’’sSanyanarealiveinthebuildingsthatarethreetofivefloorshighandmadeofmudontheoutside,witheachstructurehometoatleasttwofamilies.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/JiXiang)Aviewofwatchtower-likeresidentialbuildingsinGonjoCounty,ChamdoPrefectureinSouthwestChina’’sSanyanarealiveinthebuildingsthatarethreetofivefloorshighandmadeofmudontheoutside,witheachstructurehometoatleasttwofamilies.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/JiXiang)

PhototakenonMay28,2018showsfiveelderlypeople,73yearsoldonaverage,putonwhiteshirtsandredscarfstoposeforanawarenesseventintherunuptoChildren’sDayatanelementaryschoolinNanjing,EastChina’ypeople.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/YangBo)PhototakenonMay28,2018showsfiveelderlypeople,73yearsoldonaverage,putonwhiteshirtsandredscarfstoposeforanawarenesseventintherunuptoChildren’sDayatanelementaryschoolinNanjing,EastChina’ypeople.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/YangBo)PhototakenonMay28,2018showsfiveelderlypeople,73yearsoldonaverage,putonwhiteshirtsandredscarfstoposeforanawarenesseventintherunuptoChildren’sDayatanelementaryschoolinNanjing,EastChina’ypeople.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/YangBo)PhototakenonMay28,2018showsfiveelderlypeople,73yearsoldonaverage,putonwhiteshirtsandredscarfstoposeforanawarenesseventintherunuptoChildren’sDayatanelementaryschoolinNanjing,EastChina’ypeople.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/YangBo)PhototakenonMay28,2018showsfiveelderlypeople,73yearsoldonaverage,putonwhiteshirtsandredscarfstoposeforanawarenesseventintherunuptoChildren’sDayatanelementaryschoolinNanjing,EastChina’ypeople.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/YangBo)

  ThefirstEuropeancompetitionofshoecleaningisheldinthehistoricalgalleryofSaintHubertinBrussels,Belgium,May26,customersinthisevent.(Photo/IC)ThefirstEuropeancompetitionofshoecleaningisheldinthehistoricalgalleryofSaintHubertinBrussels,Belgium,May26,customersinthisevent.(Photo/IC)ThefirstEuropeancompetitionofshoecleaningisheldinthehistoricalgalleryofSaintHubertinBrussels,Belgium,May26,customersinthisevent.(Photo/IC)

  English-LanguageNewsWebEditorRequirements::Aminimumofabachelor’sdegreeatanaccreditedcollegeoruniversitywithamajorinjournalism,English,economics,internationalpolitics,,:Haveathoroughunderstandingandappreciationfortheroleofjournalismandaccurate,ftWord,AdobePhotoshop,Dreamweaver,:Previousjoborinternshipexperienceinan:Responsibleforconductingnewsinterviews,andcompiling,editingandrevisingnewsmanuscriptsfromothersourcesforwebsitenews,dupdates,andproducingspecialnewspackages,aswellasothe,:’sdegreeatanaccreditedcollegeoruniversitywithamajorinjournalism,English,economics,internationalpolitics,andaccurate,,:-Thejobisfull-time.-rewritingandcopy-editingstorieswrittenbystaffandfromothermediaresources;-writingoredittingheadlines,readingprovesandcontributingideasinstoryselectionandlayoutandsoon;-helpingproductionanddevelopmentofothereditorialmaterials,whichincludewritingstories,columns,reviewsandrecordingsPresidentXiJinpingspeaksattheopeningofthe19thMeetingoftheAcademiciansoftheChineseAcademyofSciencesandthe14thMeetingoftheAcademiciansoftheChineseAcademyofEngineeringonMondayinBeijing.(Photo/Xinhua)PresidentXiJinpingcalledonMondayforconcertedendeavorsandstrategicarrangementsinkeycutting-edgetechnologiesandinfieldssubjecttoothercountries"AsChinastrivesforprosperityandrejuvenation,itneedstodevotegreatenergytopromotingscienceandtechnology,endeavoringtobeamajorworldcenterforscienceandinnovation.""Self-relianceisthefoundationfortheChinesenationtostandfirmlyintheworldwhileindependentinnovationistheonlywayforustoclimbthepeakoftheworldsscienceandtechnology.""Hardpowerorsoftpower,theybothrelyonacountrysmanpower.""Innovationdecidesthenationsfuturewhilereformconcernsthenationing.""Iamimpressedbysuchabigfocusamajorplayerinscientificdevelopmentaroundtheworld."-JerzyDuszynski,presidentofthePolishAcademyofSciences"PresidentXigaveaveryinformativespeechonscience,,suchasthedigitalBeltandRoadproject,whichcanprovidecountriestakingpartintheinitiativewithvaluablegeographicandclimatedataandserveasapowerfultoolfordevelopment."MarkkuKulmala,professorofatmosphericscienceattheUniversityofHelsinki,Finland(Photo/Xinhua)"ThepresidenthasdefinitelytargetedthekeytopicofhowtoadvancescienceandtechnologyinChinaandhowtouseittohelptheChineseeconomy,thepeople,sinterestingthatsomeonewhoispresidentofsuchalargecountrycanactuallyfindthetimetocometoameetingofengineersandscientists.(Photo/Xinhua)Thatthappenveryofteninanycountry,soitsahugepluspointforChina."IanCluckie,professorofhydrometeorologyatSwanseaUniversity,UnitedKingdom.

  Inacenturies-oldtraditionunlikeanyother,daringracersandspectatorsalikeflocktoCoopersHillinBrockworth,England,towitnessthevillage,,womenandchildren.(Photo/VCG)Inacenturies-oldtraditionunlikeanyother,daringracersandspectatorsalikeflocktoCoopersHillinBrockworth,England,towitnessthevillage,,womenandchildren.(Photo/VCG)Inacenturies-oldtraditionunlikeanyother,daringracersandspectatorsalikeflocktoCoopersHillinBrockworth,England,towitnessthevillage,,womenandchildren.(Photo/VCG)

  Theexhibitionof169displaysattheCapitalMuseuminBeijingincludessuchitemsasaQingDynasty(1644-1911)mapoftheGrandCanal,andotherculturalrelicslikedailyitems,potteryandconstructionmaterials.(PhotoprovidedtoChinaDaily)VisitinganongoingexhibitionattheCapitalMuseumislikereadingabookabouteasternBeijing-JiFuTongHui(akeyjunctionontheoutskirtsofthecapitalcity)-whichareanaptdescriptionofTongzhou,-comprising169displays-eijings"sub-center".,awell-preservedancientcitydatingtotheWesternHanDynasty(206BC-AD24)chitemsasaQingDynasty(1644-1911)mapoftheGrandCanal,andotherculturalrelicslikedailyitems,potteryandconstructionmaterials.(PhotoprovidedtoChinaDaily)YuPing,deputydirectoroftheBeijingmunicipaladministrationofculturalheritage,,dailyitems,pottery,constructionmaterialsandotherculturalrelicsfromthesiteareondisplay."The(Luxian)siteisuniquebecauseitistheonlydiscoveredcounty-levelcityruinsfromtheWesternHanDynasty,"saysGaoHongqing,curatoroftheexhibition."Itfillsavoidinourstudiesofurbanconstructionandlocalgovernmentstructurefromthatdynasty.",theLiaoDynasty(916-1125)madeBeijingoneofits"fivemetropolises",andin1153,theJurchenruleroftheJinDynasty(1115-1234)moveditscapitalcitytoBeijing,makingitthepoliticalcenterofnorthernChina."Duetoitspivotalposition,thestatusofTongzhoukeptgrowing,"chitemsasaQingDynasty(1644-1911)mapoftheGrandCanal,andotherculturalrelicslikedailyitems,potteryandconstructionmaterials.(PhotoprovidedtoChinaDaily)ManyartifactsfromtheCapitalMuseumsowncollection,whichwerealsounearthedinTongzhou,(picturedtop)smovetomakeBeijingthecapitaloftheYuanDynasty(1271-1368)alsogaveaboosttoTongzhousfortunes,especiallyaftertheconstructionoftheGrandCanal,whichlinksBeijingandHangzhou,capitalofZhejiangprovince."Thecityexpandedandthepopulationalsogrewrapidly,"saysGao.",whichwastransportedviathecanalfromsouthernChina."Accordingtohistoricalrecords,thchitemsasaQingDynasty(1644-1911)mapoftheGrandCanal,andotherculturalrelicslikedailyitems,potteryandconstructionmaterials.(PhotoprovidedtoChinaDaily)In1329,(acontainerthatcouldholdabout75kilograms),(1368-1644)andQing(1644-1911)ighriceatTongzhou,headofthemuseum,talksaboutaQingmapoftheGrandCanal,fromBeijingtoShandongprovince,fromthereignofYongzheng(1722-35).AccordingtoZheng,themapwastakentoJapanduringtheWarofResistanceAgainstJapaneseAggression(1931-45)butwasbroughtbacktoChinaaround2000."Youcanstillfindmanyfacilitiesthatexisttodayonthemap,"”"IjustclimbedupandthankGod,,thatsit,"headded.他补充说:“我爬了上去,感谢上帝,上帝帮助了我。

    Linsaid"Mi3"ishonoredasthefastestsmartphoneintheworld。

  Ablue-throatedbee-eaterfliesatHoulouVillage,YangzhongTown,YouxiCounty,southeastChinasFujianProvince,May25,2018.(Xinhua/MeiYongcun)Blue-throatedbee-eatersperchonabranchatHoulouVillage,YangzhongTown,YouxiCounty,southeastChinasFujianProvince,May25,2018.(Xinhua/MeiYongcun)Blue-throatedbee-eatersperchonabranchinLuxiaTown,NanpingCity,southeastChinasFujianProvince,May25,2018.(Xinhua/MeiYongcun)Blue-throatedbee-eaterssportatHoulouVillage,YangzhongTown,YouxiCounty,southeastChinasFujianProvince,May28,2018.(Xinhua/MeiYongcun)Ablue-throatedbee-eaterfliesinLuxiaTown,NanpingCity,southeastChinasFujianProvince,May25,2018.(Xinhua/MeiYongcun)Ablue-throatedbee-eaterfliesatHoulouVillage,YangzhongTown,YouxiCounty,southeastChinasFujianProvince,May25,2018.(Xinhua/MeiYongcun)Blue-throatedbee-eatersperchonabranchinLuxiaTown,NanpingCity,southeastChinasFujianProvince,May25,2018.(Xinhua/MeiYongcun)Blue-throatedbee-eatersperchonabranchinLuxiaTown,NanpingCity,southeastChinasFujianProvince,May25,2018.(Xinhua/MeiYongcun)Ablue-throatedbee-eaterforagesatHoulouVillage,YangzhongTown,YouxiCounty,southeastChinasFujianProvince,May25,2018.(Xinhua/MeiYongcun)

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白族扎染缺少企业创新模式,不能生存谈何传承与发展?(1)

段树坤 2019-09-22 18:28:38

Theexhibitionof169displaysattheCapitalMuseuminBeijingincludessuchitemsasaQingDynasty(1644-1911)mapoftheGrandCanal,andotherculturalrelicslikedailyitems,potteryandconstructionmaterials.(PhotoprovidedtoChinaDaily)VisitinganongoingexhibitionattheCapitalMuseumislikereadingabookabouteasternBeijing-JiFuTongHui(akeyjunctionontheoutskirtsofthecapitalcity)-whichareanaptdescriptionofTongzhou,-comprising169displays-eijings"sub-center".,awell-preservedancientcitydatingtotheWesternHanDynasty(206BC-AD24)chitemsasaQingDynasty(1644-1911)mapoftheGrandCanal,andotherculturalrelicslikedailyitems,potteryandconstructionmaterials.(PhotoprovidedtoChinaDaily)YuPing,deputydirectoroftheBeijingmunicipaladministrationofculturalheritage,,dailyitems,pottery,constructionmaterialsandotherculturalrelicsfromthesiteareondisplay."The(Luxian)siteisuniquebecauseitistheonlydiscoveredcounty-levelcityruinsfromtheWesternHanDynasty,"saysGaoHongqing,curatoroftheexhibition."Itfillsavoidinourstudiesofurbanconstructionandlocalgovernmentstructurefromthatdynasty.",theLiaoDynasty(916-1125)madeBeijingoneofits"fivemetropolises",andin1153,theJurchenruleroftheJinDynasty(1115-1234)moveditscapitalcitytoBeijing,makingitthepoliticalcenterofnorthernChina."Duetoitspivotalposition,thestatusofTongzhoukeptgrowing,"chitemsasaQingDynasty(1644-1911)mapoftheGrandCanal,andotherculturalrelicslikedailyitems,potteryandconstructionmaterials.(PhotoprovidedtoChinaDaily)ManyartifactsfromtheCapitalMuseumsowncollection,whichwerealsounearthedinTongzhou,(picturedtop)smovetomakeBeijingthecapitaloftheYuanDynasty(1271-1368)alsogaveaboosttoTongzhousfortunes,especiallyaftertheconstructionoftheGrandCanal,whichlinksBeijingandHangzhou,capitalofZhejiangprovince."Thecityexpandedandthepopulationalsogrewrapidly,"saysGao.",whichwastransportedviathecanalfromsouthernChina."Accordingtohistoricalrecords,thchitemsasaQingDynasty(1644-1911)mapoftheGrandCanal,andotherculturalrelicslikedailyitems,potteryandconstructionmaterials.(PhotoprovidedtoChinaDaily)In1329,(acontainerthatcouldholdabout75kilograms),(1368-1644)andQing(1644-1911)ighriceatTongzhou,headofthemuseum,talksaboutaQingmapoftheGrandCanal,fromBeijingtoShandongprovince,fromthereignofYongzheng(1722-35).AccordingtoZheng,themapwastakentoJapanduringtheWarofResistanceAgainstJapaneseAggression(1931-45)butwasbroughtbacktoChinaaround2000."Youcanstillfindmanyfacilitiesthatexisttodayonthemap,"

段树坤在中华网“世界观”文化沙龙第15期的现场发表对非物质文化遗产传承与发展的观点

段树坤在中华网“世界观”文化沙龙第15期的现场发表对非物质文化遗产传承与发展的观点

从小对扎染耳濡目染、为了生存才坚持做下去

从小我们对扎染耳濡目染,几岁就开始接触学习扎染技艺,并一代代延续下来,是家族式的传承。我的女儿今年八岁,她已经可以教授企业和游客一些比较简单的扎染技艺了。

年轻的时候,在我们村(周城村)过上好日子就靠扎染,因为收产到户,我们的扎染是主要的出口,而且是百分之八九十出口到日本。当时主要通过进出口公司进行出口,因为村里没有自己的出口渠道。如果出口日本没有利润的话,对方就会挑你的一些毛病,比如手工的一些瑕疵,然后要求索赔,即履行索赔合同,那么我们就会有百分之百的索赔。当时在生产队里没有其他什么收入,扎染是我们的一个支柱产业,每个家庭都会去队里等,等到扎染的活儿就会有实质的经济收入,比如每个家庭、每个妇女同时都会有一两块钱的收入,然后就能改善整个村民的生活状态。

观众体验白族扎染技艺

观众体验白族扎染技艺

年轻的时候,这个传统技艺对我来说并不是一个荣誉的工作,一直想放弃,但是因为当时生活比较困难,于是为了生存才坚持做下去。后来我们发现越来越多的年轻人都不愿意从事这个扎染技艺,整个扎染工人渐渐趋于老龄化。幸运的是,政府开始慢慢重视手工艺和传统技艺,把这里(大理喜洲镇周城村)作为国家级的生产示范基地。我们有义务和责任把扎染传承下去,并且已经对它有了感情,所以在没有传承人之前,我们做了大量工作。2008年,在一代代财富积累的前提下,我们把民族的扎染厂引用过来,然后自己出资建立了大理市璞真白族扎染博物馆。

开展这个扎染博物馆的目的是把这些传统技艺更好地传承下去,我们会无条件的培训扎染坊工人,并且会支付每一期工人的工资。但是如果放在十年前,我不敢这样说,因为那个时候我没有挣到钱,连自己的生活都成问题,何以谈传承?所以首先要解决的就是生存问题。

白族扎染手工艺作品

白族扎染手工艺作品

白族扎染需要企业创新模式,重在提高手艺人工资待遇

目前白族扎染技艺的传承面临三个困境:工人老龄化,年轻人不喜欢做这方面的工作;原生态的植物受到科学的冲击;扎染技艺资金面临很大困境。而扎染技艺最大的一个逆境便是扎染工人老龄化,年轻人会由于收入低、生存等各方面的原因,不愿意从事这种工作。

要保护传统扎染技艺,就应该从幼儿的启蒙教育开始,在幼儿园、中小学教授一些非物质文化遗产技艺的课程,让优秀的传统文化深入到儿童、青少年的心里,保护和传承各项传统技艺,让他们对这些技艺感兴趣、有激情。再者,举办一些青少年技艺的培训,让更多的市民、年轻人通过这些培训增加企业工人的工资待遇。

白族扎染省级非遗传承人,周城段氏璞真染坊坊主,段氏扎染第18代传承人。
白族扎染省级非遗传承人,周城段氏璞真染坊坊主,段氏扎染第18代传承人。

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